Many critics of NAFTA saw the deal as a radical experiment developed by influential multinationals who wanted to increase their profits at the expense of ordinary citizens of the countries involved. Opposition groups have argued that the horizontal rules imposed by NAFTA could undermine local governments by preventing them from legislating or legislating to protect the public interest. Critics have also argued that the treaty would lead to a significant deterioration in environmental and health standards, promote the privatization and deregulation of important public services, and supplant family farmers in signatory countries. In the literature, there are countless definitions of integration. For the understanding of this article, integration is defined as a process of broadening the competences of a Community (sectoral integration), consolidating a community by transferring competences by members to the institutions of a community (vertical integration) and territorial enlargement of a community (horizontal integration). Daniel Frei proposed to distinguish between three dimensions of integration: integration as a common political decision-making (institutional dimension), integration as a common consciousness (socio-psychological dimension) and integration as social interdependence (transactional dimension). The first concerns the institutions established within the Organization, the decision-making process, the binding nature of decisions and the areas of cooperation. The second dimension confirms the existence of a common identity between the peoples of the Member States. The ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA) entered into force in 2003 and, by the end of 2015, the Economic Community is expected to create an internal market with free movement of goods, capital, people and services (similar to that of the EU). The European Parliament and the Council shall jointly adopt legislative provisions such as regulations and directives under the ordinary legislative procedure.
Since the legislation is binding on the Member States, the EU is referred to as a supranational organisation. In almost all cases, the Council acts by a qualified majority. This will make it possible to take a binding decision against the votes of the Member States. Is a Member State in breach of EU law, for example.B. By refusing to apply a regulation or transpose a directive into national law, the Court of Justice of the European Communities, which is the justice of the EU, can impose a fine on that state. As regards economic integration within the AU, a free trade area has been created between member states, a customs union is being prepared and an economic and monetary union (similar to that of the EU) is expected to be in place by 2028. The Foreign Ministers` Consultation Meeting is an advisory institution that deals with pressing issues of common interest to American states. In the event of an armed attack on the territory of a U.S. state or within the region, a meeting of that body shall be convened by the Chairman of the Permanent Council.
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